Campeche has a tropical climate with lush forests surrounding the area, and features a diverse landscape and unique architecture. The state offers everything from beautiful rivers, stunning beaches and historic archaeological sites to colonial buildings, 19th-century haciendas and splendid natural reserves.
The state of Campeche was formerly inhabited by ancient Mayan cultures and has preserved its historical ancestry in settlements such as Edzna and Calakmul. It is a magical destination that offers visitors the opportunity to explore breathtaking archaeological sites and legendary Mayan settlements.
The city of Campeche, the state's capital located on the east coast of the Gulf of Mexico, is considered a historic jewel with one of the best-preserved historic centers in Mexico and was declared a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1999.
Interesting sites within the historic center include the Cathedral, built in 1540 and the oldest on the Yucatan Peninsula; the San Francisco Church also built in the 16th century; and the Carvajal Mansion, once owned by the rich and powerful Carvajal family and converted into government offices and a crafts store.
Exploring the historic fortresses is also a must. Fort San Miguel, overlooking Campeche from the south, houses the Campeche Regional Museum displaying prehispanic antiquities; Fort San Jose, on the opposite side, has also been converted into a museum, featuring pieces from the colonial era.
And Fort San Carlos houses a government-sponsored handicrafts market and a rather intriguing basement, with secret passageways linked to houses throughout the city, dating back to piracy times when quick escapes were needed.